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What are Building Regulations and why are they so important?

1.  Building Regulations

1.1       What are Building Regulations and why are they so important?

Building regs

Building Regulations exists to ensure that buildings are designed and constructed in accordance with the Building Regulations & Associated Legislation. They are developed by the Government and approved by Parliament.

These regulations set national standards for building work, whether it will be on a major new development or an extension or alterations to your home. They cover all aspects of construction, including foundations, damp-proofing, the overall stability of the building, insulation, ventilation, heating, fire protection and means of escape in case of fire. They also ensure that adequate facilities for people with disabilities are provided in certain types of building.  The above regulations will be covered / found through the Approved Documents.

There are currently 14 sections under Approved Document which will enable the designers to follow the guidance to ensure compliance with the Buildings Regulations.

The Building Regulations do not aim to stifle innovation. Compliance with the legislation is what is ultimately required and there may be many ways of complying, other than just using the ways set out in the ‘deemed to satisfy’ provisions within each of the Approved Documents.

Building Regulations are regularly being updated, and consist of parts A-P.

1.2       Where can I find out about the update?

You can find the latest list of Approved Documents amended list at:

www.planningportal.gov.uk

1.3       What’s changed / updated (Present)?

Approved Documents A, B vol 1, B vol 2, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, L1A, L1B, L2A, L2B and M

1.4       Which particular area within the Approved Documents do we feel is the most significant when carrying out the Building Regulations application?

Here at Sheldon Bosley we consider everything that goes into the building to ensure that not only does it fit for the Building Regulations purposes but most importantly to the best interest of our Clients and their needs. Whether it will be for an extension, conversion or new build, our approach for this exercise will always be the same. As most Building Regulations project comes on the back of obtaining a Planning Consent, we can assure you that our thinking about Building Regulations happens from day 1 at the Planning stage.

Whilst there are minor changes across the 14 Approved Documents (A-P), we feel that there are two particular area within the Approve Documents that will ultimately be a driven force in any design, this being Approved Document Part-A (Structure) and Part-L (conservation of fuel and power).

Why Approved Document Part – A?

This part is concerned with the structural stability of buildings. Areas covered include design of foundations, walls, floors and roof components and also in limiting the extent to which parts of the building may collapse if a major catastrophe, like a gas explosion occurs.

Why Approved Document Part – B?

This part provides minimum standards of energy efficiency to all parts of the building. This section also provides design criteria for space heating and hot water storage. Here at Sheldon Bosley we aim to ensure that our design (where possible) will surplus the requirement which will in the present and future enhanced the building thermal efficiency before any heating is switched on.

2. Renewable for Planning and Building Regulations

2.1 What is renewable energy?

Energy is called renewable when it comes from sources which can not be depleted such as the sun or wind.

2.2 How many renewable energy devices are there?

There are numerous renewable energy options and technology is improving all the time. Some of the main types on offer are:

Photovoltaic cells wind turbine Small scale hydro

Photovoltaic cells: this converts solar radiation directly into electricity which is fed through an inverter into the home. Any excess can be sold to an energy supplier.

Wind turbines: this can provide enough electricity for several homes but turbines mounted on a house are unlikely to produce much energy due to wind turbulence.

Small scale hydro: this needs a river or stream with a fall of 2-3 metres and enough flow to turn a turbine.

biomass solar thermal panels Heat pump

Biomass: uses wood chip or pellets made from plant material in a room heater or a boiler.

Solar thermal panels: use the sun’s energy to heat water for hot taps. This can provide about 50% of your hot water needs for a year.

Heat pumps: use a refrigeration technique to extract heat from the ground or from the air. They can produce up to 4kWh of heat energy from each kWh of energy.

2.3 Benefit renewable energy can bring?

  • Renewable energy      causes far less pollution than the burning of fossil fuels.
  • Due to the fact that it won’t run out, renewable energy is a far more sustainable option.
  • Renewable energy can be produced locally and therefore can benefit local communities and business as well as stimulating local economies.
  • The renewable energy industry creates jobs.
  • Experts suggest that using renewable energy will result in more stable energy prices.
  • Even if you don’t generate your own renewable energy, you could source it from a supplier. Many green tariffs mean that renewable energy could actually work out cheaper or the same price as using a traditional source.
  • You could even make money from renewable energy if you generate more than you need. You can sell the excess to the National Grid.
  • Using renewable energy can be a selling point for a business. Many people are now making more ethical choices and will prefer to work with a business who shares their values.
  • You may be eligible for a grant for setting up a small-scale renewable energy generator.

2.4 How will a renewable energy sources affect the future of Planning Application?

We feel that this is a positive addition to any type of buildings because there are so many positives to be gain as renewable energy is an energy which occurs naturally and therefore is not finite, as many fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas are. The use of such technologies can only be good for the environment; they can also significantly increase flexibility in the design of new buildings.

What we aims to integrate into our design for new build or conversion projects (where possible) would be to conserve fuel and power used in the buildings by integrating some form of renewable energy source. There will no doubt be certain Planning restrictions but overall we feel that the Local Authority is very supportive. As a result, we have on two occasions in the past 12 months gained Planning permission with Solar PV panels incorporated into the design for new build commercial projects.

Prior to a conclusion that a renewable energy source is needed, we have to demonstrate why this is to be the case. We have to first demonstrate how we can reduce the level of carbon emissions from the provision of heating, hot water, ventilation and internal fixed lighting. If the result still proves to be less than the percentage as set out within the LA planning guidance, such emissions can only be significantly decreased through the use of renewable energy sources such as solar power and ground source heat pumps.

2.5 How will a renewable energy sources affect the future of Building Regulations?

If you are talking about a new build sustainable housing there are different Codes for Sustainable Homes which you need to follow, strictly for Planning and Building Regulation applications. Therefore this will affect Part-L of the Approved Document greatly. As this topic, like all other topics regarding renewable energy tend to leads to more questions than answers, it is strongly recommended that an energy consultant is appointed to oversee this area of the project to ensure that the level of energy performance is met.

However, we would like to talk about a simple on-site renewable energy sources that will help buildings to be better equipped for non sustainable projects. As previously mentioned, once a Planning Application has been granted for a project that has incorporated a “PV panels”, the Building Control will demand all the technical and installation detail prior to commencement. Once approved by the Building Control will more than likely condition that the work must be carried out by a qualified and competent person. Upon successful completion of the installation, a certificate of completion must be provided to the Building Control / Client for record purposes.

In summary, we should all try to be as sustainable as possible within reason.

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Achieving Sustainable Development

Achieving Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development

As the recent planning reforms have slowly been introduced and their effects are now becoming evident, the key buzzword seems to be the issue of sustainable development, and certainly this is the golden thread running through the policies contained within a National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF).  Much discussion has revolved around what actually is sustainable development.  The NPPF describes it as three separate dimensions; these being economic, social and environmental.

In relation to the economic role of sustainability, a development must contribute towards building a strong, responsive and competitive economy in order to support growth and innovation.

With regard to the social element of sustainability, a development should support strong, vibrant and healthy communities by providing housing to meet the needs of present and future generations.

With regard to environmental sustainability, any development should look to protect and enhance the natural, built and historic environment.

By looking at all three of these elements together, developments should be located close to local services where they can be supported by the local community, and support local growth where a supply of housing is required.

Housing

8,000 Dwellings Earmarked

Stratford District Council originally earmarked in their 2012 Draft Core Strategy for the allocation of 8,000 dwellings throughout the district; however, at the 1st April 2011, 2,400 of the 8,000 were already accounted for and therefore leaving a 5,600 quota to be filled.  560 of these dwellings were to be allocated in Stratford-upon-Avon, 1,680 dwellings were to be located in the Main Rural Centres; 2,240 dwellings were to be located in Local Service Villages; with the remaining 560 dwellings to be allocated within the smaller settlements which are the settlements that are not either Main Rural Centres or Local Service Villages.

WarwickshireLocal Service Villages

Local Service Villages are defined as villages which have key services and have reasonable access to public transport, these include:

Alderminster, Alveston Bearley, Bishops Itchington, Brailes (Upper and Lower), Claverdon, Clifford Chambers, Earlswood, Ettington, Fenny Compton, Gaydon, Great Alne, Halford, Hampton Lucy, Harbury, Ilmington, Lighthorne Heath, Long Compton, Long Itchington, Long Marston, Mappleborough Green, Moreton Morrell, Napton-on-the-Hill, Newbold-on-Stour, Northend, Oxhill, Pillerton Prior, Priors Marston, Quinton (Lower), Salford Priors, Snitterfield, Stockton, Tanworth-in-Arden, Tiddington, Tredington, Tysoe (Upper & Middle), Welford-on-Avon, Wilmcote and Wootton Wawen.

In order to develop in one of the Local Service Villages, sites should adhere to either of the following criteria.

  • It is a site allocated for development in Neighbourhood Plans or the DPD.
  • The re-use and redevelopment of land and properties within existing settlements.
  • Opportunities for regeneration within and adjacent to existing settlements.
  • Local choice schemes which meet housing needs identified by the local community.

Smaller Settlements

As there has been an allocation of 560 dwellings in smaller settlements of the district, you would be forgiven in thinking that infill development within a smaller settlement would be acceptable to help meet the 560 housing quota.  In reality, we have learnt from the District Council through a number of pre-application enquiries that when an infill site is put forward as a potential site for housing within a smaller settlement, the District Council often look unfavourably upon the proposals due to them deeming smaller settlements to be unsustainable in terms of the NPPF as they are not located near local services, transport links or shops.  Such proposals therefore need to be brought about through ‘local choice’ schemes where a housing need is identified by the local community.

Since the Stratford-on-Avon District Council published their Draft Core Strategy 2012, they have revised their housing quota to 9,500, yet this is still to be officially confirmed.  The division of this quota across the settlement hierarchy is also unclear and should hopefully be unveiled shortly.

It should be noted that many Parish Councils are in the throes of preparing their Neighbourhood Development Plan, which provides power to Parish Councils to set their own policies in relation to the type of development and where development is to be located within their settlements.  Once a Neighbourhood Development Plan has been adopted by the District Council, the policies within it will take precedence over the presumption of sustainable development; thereby bringing planning powers back to local areas.

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Biodiversity Offsetting – 27th Jan 2014

Sheldon Bosley has been monitoring the progress of the Biodiversity Offsetting Scheme Pilot.  Farmers and Developers will be interested in the outcome.

Habitat

Laura Gaydon MRICS FAAV writes.

Summary of Scheme

  • Biodiversity Offsetting allows Developers to deliver biodiversity benefits in compensation for losses occurring on development sites.  By purchasing ‘credits’ from Landowners who undertake biodiversity management, this relieves the Developer’s responsibility of maintaining their own area of land for biodiversity purposes.
  • Landowners commit to a 30 year management scheme, for creating, protecting or restoring habitats on areas or parcel(s) of land which have been assessed for their biodiversity value, and gain funding for the period of the management agreement.  The funding is paid by Developers who purchase ‘credits’ to counter-act any habitats they may have lost on development sites.  The purchased ‘credits’ should be of similar habitat value and within the locality.
  • Before the Offsetting Scheme is considered, Developers must consider all other options of creating habitats on site, or mitigating before looking at offsetting alternatives.
  • Irreplaceable sites cannot be compensated for, to include SSSIs or ancient woodland.
  • The Scheme acts to compensate for any lost biodiversity by retaining management of other areas of land in the locality.
  • DEFRA have provided a metric scale for assessing the habitat quality on the development site, to include quantity, level of biodiversity, size etc.  The site being put forward by a Landowner will also be assessed and given a number of ‘conservation credits’ which they can sell to developers looking for ‘credits’.Biodiversity 2014

Advantages

  • Income to Landowners for protecting, improving or creating natural features.
  • Income guaranteed for 30 year period at pre-agreed instalments.
  • Potential income for sites which may have little agricultural benefit/productivity, or with poor access.

Disadvantages

  • Landowner tied into 30 year management plan – long period of time to guarantee land taken out of production/management obligations being upheld.
  • Rates of income or credit value are calculated now – but value in 15 or 25 years’ time is very difficult to calculate, particularly if food productivity / gross margins / subsidy increases.
  • The Agreement is a legal contract with land owner– if sold, management obligations must be transferred on sale.
  • There is little or no known funding at present for monitoring and reporting during the Scheme – monitoring will be as stated in the management plan prepared, however will probably be through self-assessment by the landowner – photos, invoices, site inspection.
  • Dual funding and compatibility with ELS/Basic Payment Scheme and EFAs not known (DEFRA consultation not yet completed).
  • This will be in addition to CIL/Section 106 – ultimately costs of ‘offsetting’ will come out of the original Landowner’s pocket (who owns original development site).
  • The farmer or landowner has to outlay fees upfront for preparing a management plan and undertaking an ecological survey – no guarantee of acceptance into Scheme, therefore costs may not be recovered from Developer.
  • Potential issues for APR/BPR if areas of land are taken out of production and main income or activity is not agricultural.
  • Consideration needs to be given in preparation of Promotion Agreements – difficult to calculate the value of credits or offsetting costs at present.
  • Legal agreement between Environment Bank and Landowner will need careful review by legal adviser – extra expense for Landowner.

Further Comments:

  • Suggest an Adviser is needed throughout management plan to review Scheme and provide advice if management prescriptions are not working – funding for this unknown.
  • If prescriptions are not working, how can the Landowner resolve these issues without being penalised/paying back money to date?
  • Contingency costs need to be built into the management plan.Biodiversity
  • Income to be index-linked or interest-linked, but how can prices in 2014 reflect those in 2024 and 2034 onwards?
  • DEFRA Consultation on interaction with Stewardship and Basic Payment Scheme etc not yet released.
  • Six official pilots ongoing at present – Warwickshire is one.  Natural England are overseeing pilot schemes and will provide results at the end of the pilot period – Spring 2014.

Examples of Management:

  • Woodland Restoration;Biodiversity planting
  • Woodland Replanting;
  • Hedgerow Restoration, to include gapping up, coppicing, laying;
  • Grassland Management, to include low input grassland, restoration of species-rich meadows etc;
  • Reducing stocking rates;
  • Reverting arable land to permanent pasture/field corners;
  • Buffer strips;
  • Management of scrub;
  • Management of bankside vegetation adjacent to watercourses.

For more information contact Laura Gaydon 01608 661666 or lgaydon@sheldonbosley.co.uk

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Green Deal Update

Update for Green Deal Loans

Green Deal

Designed by the Government to improve the Energy Efficiency of the poor performing houses, The Green Deal has now given rise to reform.  A further £150m a year is being released from 2014 for the next 3 years.  This money will be targeted towards the following:-

  • A Stamp Duty Rebate worth at least £1,000 and up to £4,000 for any who have recently moved house.  It is expected that 180,000 homes will be improved under this part of the scheme.
  • Further targeted investment within the Private Rented Sector is intended and designed to help Landlords to meet the standard E Rating for EPC (Energy Performance Certificate).   Those seeking to rent from April 2018 will need to ensure they meet this standard in any event.
  • £90m of the overall £540m package will help improve the energy efficiency of public sector buildings, including Schools and Hospitals.
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Fifth Annual Sheldon Bosley Quiz

Sheldon Bosley Quiz 2013

The fifth annual Sheldon Bosley Quiz night was held on Tuesday, 3rd December in the Shakespeare Centre in Stratford-upon-Avon with approximately 150 guests including fellow professionals and clients who were entertained by the staff from both the Stratford and Shipston branches. Rev Green & Miss Scarlet

The evening was once again organised by Suzanne James, Sheldon Bosley’s Commercial Property Partner who had chosen Cluedo as a theme for the night; the game is played on a floor plan of a house and therefore seemed apt for a company of chartered surveyors.  Starting in the ‘Kitchen’, the first round was based on Food and Drink; the quizzers were then taken through various other rooms including the ‘Billiard Room’ where there were some taxing questions on Sport to the ‘Ballroom’ where they had to identify tracks or artists from a wide range of musical genres.

In keeping with the theme, the evening was compered by the Reverend Green and Miss Scarlet, more familiar to everyone as Raymond Smith and Suzanne James.  There was extremely close competition for the trophy but the victors were a team from Lodders Solicitors who just pipped a rival firm of solicitors in the final round.

 Winning Team

Apart from ensuring everyone had a fun and enjoyable evening, one of the Company’s aims in organising the event is to raise funds for a charity chosen by the staff, who this year decided upon Breakthrough Breast Cancer.   A total of £1,580 was raised from the entrance fee and the raffle; the latter proved very popular with some fantastic prizes donated by various local businesses which ensured everyone dug deep into their pockets.

The reputation of this annual event is growing and Sheldon Bosley is already looking forward to gathering everyone together next December.

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CIL Update November 2013

CIL News

In April and May of 2013 the Government undertook a consultation process to establish ways in which CIL can be reformed. Since being introduced in 2010 the scheme has fallen under some criticism, so in a bid to iron out any creases that have occurred in the early years the Government have consulted a variety of organisations which have been affected by the legislation in order to make improvements to make its operation as fair, transparent and efficient as possible.

In response to the consultation the Government are amending the legislation in a number of ways including:

  • Allowing credit where changes to proposals have been made since the levy on a site has been paid. This applies to any incomplete site which and has already paid the fee
  • Exempting highway agreements relating to the trunk road network from the Regulation 123 infrastructure list
  • To help to encourage bringing empty buildings back into use  the vacancy test has been extended from being in use for a continuous 6 month period of the last year, to a continuous 6 months within the past 3 years
  • Allowing developers to pay ‘in kind’ by providing infrastructure on land other than the development site in order to implement improvement of local infrastructure under a shorter timescale, and ensuring these payments ‘in kind’ are not subject to EU procurement limits
  • Excluding residential extensions, annexes from the levy
  • Giving self-build homes relief from the levy to be reviewed after a period of 3 years to ensure this is not abused by advertising the properties on the local market after completion
  • Not amending the consultation period of the draft charging schedule at 4 weeks as it is more appropriate to allow local authorities to use their own discretion

Subject to Parliamentary processes changes should come into effect by the end of January 2014.

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Changing the face of the High Street

Hope to revitalise deteriorating High Streets

highstreet

After the publication of the Portas Review in 2011 and the Grimsy Review in 2013 it is hope that the extension of permitted development rights will make better use of unused buildings in town centres and the countryside.  The loosened planning rules hope to revitalise deteriorating high streets and breathe fresh life back into our rural communities.

The proposed changes will allow existing retail property to be converted into residential, making use of uneconomically viable retail locations, stopping unused buildings falling into disrepair and aiding with securing local housing stock. In addition retail premises will be permitted to change into banks and building societies, allowing for more consumer choice and this increase in choice will hopefully creating a more financially stable local society. However in order to maintain retail presence in high streets these changes are specific for property which falls below a 150m2 threshold, and is subject to prior approval.

The Greater flexibilities for change of Use consultation ran for a ten week period which ended in October 2013, The Department for Communities and Local Government is yet to publish the results of the survey.

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Help to Buy causing bubble

The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors
(RICS) has warned;

The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) has warned that a damaging property bubble is being made more likely by the Government’s Help to Buy (H2B) scheme. A report from RICS states that 57% more members were registering higher sales prices than were seeing a fall, the biggest “net balance” since 2002. RICS added that in the three months to October, chartered surveyors acted in the sale of an average of 20 homes, the highest number since 2008. While transaction levels rose in almost every region – not only in London and the South East. Economists at the trade body said inflationary pressure was being driven by a lack of property coming on to the market just as government and Bank of England initiatives were making it easier to buy. RICS said the Bank of England’s Funding for Lending scheme had cut mortgage rates, while the latest phase of H2B meant that more people could find a place on the ladder. Labour and some Liberal Democrats have expressed fears that H2B will inflate another bubble. Chris Leslie, the shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury, has called on the Bank of England to launch an immediate review of the scheme rather than waiting until next year, and said the £600,000 limit for properties being bought should be cut. Elsewhere, the Independent’s Steve Richards compares H2B to the sub-prime mortgage crisis. He says the scheme will contribute to the private property boom without addressing the basic problem, which is a lack of supply.

 

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Britons pay the most property tax

British households pay the highest property taxes

New figures show that British households pay the highest property taxes in the developed world with the amount of stamp duty paid on the average house sale almost doubling since the peak of the last housing boom. A report from the Policy Exchange think-tank shows that property taxes in Britain cost the equivalent of 4.1% of GDP in 2011 against the OECD average of 1.8%. Separate figures from the Council for Mortgage Lenders show that the average amount paid on housing sales is £6,700, up from £4,200 in 2007-08. The CML warned that the rising taxes levied on house sales are now preventing some older people from selling their properties, leaving them trapped in homes that are too big for their needs. It is noted that even though total house sales remain well below the level of the last boom, the Government’s tax take from stamp duty is on course to match sums raised then, the CML estimates. In 2007-08, there were 1.6m housing transactions, which incurred stamp duty of £6.7bn. It said that this year’s total tax take would be close to £6.7bn – even though there will be only around 1m sales this year.

http://www.cml.org.uk/cml/publications/newsandviews/149/581

 

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Nationwide: House prices have risen

House prices are 5.8% higher than this time last year

Nationwide’s October House Price Index has revealed that house prices have risen 1% on September and are 5.8% higher than this time last year. The national average price of a house is now £173,678, still 7% below 2007’s peak of £186,044. It is the sixth month in a row that prices have gone up. Robert Gardner, chief economist at Nationwide, commented: “House price growth has accelerated as buyer demand has picked up more quickly than the supply of new homes. The risk is that if demand continues to strengthen while the supply of property remains constrained affordability could become stretched”.  According to Simon Wilkinson, Partner in Sheldon Bosley “a scenario that could in part be caused by the new Help to Buy scheme with many buyers worried about not being able to get on the housing ladder in the future if they don’t buy now”.

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Dont be caught out by Agricultural Waste Exemptions

Agricultural Waste Exemptions

Many agricultural waste activities that commonly take place on your farm will need to be registered as an Agricultural Waste Exemption with the Environment Agency.  Any exceptions registered before the 6th April 2010 will have expired on the 30th September 2013, and some old exemptions have been replaced by a new list of exempt waste activities.

Some common activities which require a waste exemption include:

  • A bonfire of wood or vegetation waste on the farm it was produced
  • Clearing silt from a stream, ditch or other inland water
  • Composting hedge trimmings, crop waste, horse or farmyard manure
  • Washing of spray containers
  • Strimming areas of ground such as river banks
  • Adding waste chalk to soil as a liming agent to improve soils
  • Spreading ditch dredging spoil on land to provide nutrients
  • Using telegraph poles for pole barns
  • Using tyres on a silage clamp
  • Using shredded rubber in a horse manège
  • Using rubble from a demolished farm building in the foundations of a new barn
  • Using woodchip as surfacing for a path

If you are concerned that you are undertaking activities which require a Waste Exemption, please contact our Land Agency Department on 01608 661666.

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CAP REFORM UPDATE

Some progress in the decision making for the CAP Reform……….

Recent announcements have confirmed some progress in the decision making for the CAP Reform, however many details are still yet to be decided. The main agreed principles are as follows:

1. The existing Single Payment Scheme Entitlements will be rolled forward into the new Scheme, becoming ‘Basic Payment Entitlements’.

• The number of Entitlements a claimant holds on 31st December 2014 will be the number that    he will hold under Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) from 1st January 2015.

• Where a farmer holds more BPS Entitlements than eligible land declared in 2015, any excess Entitlements will be lost

2. The three current payment regions in England will remain the same, being non-SDA, SDA outside the Moorland, and Moorland SDA.

3. Member States can apply their own reduction to Basic Payment Scheme payments above 150,000 euros, with DEFRA’s preference being to apply the minimum level of reduction allowed, which is 5% reduction above 150,000 euros.

4. A minimum claim size of 5 ha will be introduced.

5. DEFRA will implement a Young Farmer Scheme, giving an additional 25% payment to qualifying Applicants for the first five years of setting up their Holding. The individual must not be over 40 years old in the year they submit their BPS claim and have set up as Head of Holding in the preceding five years.

6. Crop diversification will apply as follows:

• Less than 10 ha arable area – no crop diversification;

• 10 ha to 30 ha of arable area – claimants must grow at least two different crops with main crop not covering more than 75% of arable area;

• More than 30 ha of arable area – claimants must grow at least three crops with main crop not covering more than 75% of arable area. Two main crops must not cover more than 95% of arable area;

• Winter and spring varieties will count as separate crops.

7. Permanent grassland will be monitored on a national level, with baseline figures restricted to falling by less than 5%;

8. Ecological Focus Areas (EFA’s) are applicable where an applicant has more than 15 ha of arable land – 5% of the arable area must be delivered as EFAs, including fallow land, terraces, landscape features, buffer strips, agro-forestry, uncultivated land adjacent to woodland, short rotation coppice, catch crops/green cover and nitrogen-fixing crops.

Trading is on the Up

Prices seen for Entitlement trading has already risen this season, and it is expected that owners with Naked Acres will look to purchase Entitlements to match their land area ready for 2015. Those with excess entitlements should consider selling as from 2015 any excess entitlements will be lost.

If you have any Entitlements to sell, or are looking to purchase please contact our Rural Land Agency team on 01608 661666.

For further advice on the CAP Reform and how this may affect your business or current farming arrangements, please call Rosemary Smith or Laura Gaydon on 01608 661666.